Silvanus, a Roman rural deity, watched over the woods, hunting, herdsmen,

and boundaries. He was said to have erected the first boundary stone to mark

the ownership of fields. As a deity associated with wild places, Silvanus

did not originally have an official state feast or an official temple at

Rome. He was often portrayed as a mature male figure holding a shepherd's

pipe, the fruits of the earth, or a tree branch. Because his sphere of

influence was related to that of Faunus and Pan, Silvanus was not always

clearly distinguished from these other deities.