Temple of Castor and Pollux
In the Forum, near the Temple of Vesta, stands what is left of the temple erected in honor of Castor and Pollux, the twin sons of Jupiter.Legend has it that during the the battle of Lake Regillus two youths on horseback, far excelling mortals in beauty of form and features, appeared to Postumius, the Roman leader, and to those about him, and charged at the head of the Roman cavalry. They wounded all they met with their spears, and drove the Latins before them, putting them to flight, taking their camp, and ending the battle. A little later, according to legend, two youths appeared in the same manner in the Roman Forum at sunset. They were attired in military uniform, were very tall and beautiful and of the same age, and looked as if they had just come from battle. Even their horses were tired from the battle. They dismounted, and washed in the fountain near the temple of Vesta. In answer to the many questions of people who were standing about, eager to know whether the strangers had brought news from the camp, they announced the Roman victory and related the particulars of the battle. The story goes that after they had left the Forum they were never seen again, despite efforts of the magistrate of the city.
The next day the persons entrusted with the care of the commonwealth received letters sent by the Dictator in which he gave an account of the apparition of god-like youths, and other details in connection with the battle. They then concluded that since the self-same figures had appeared in both places, they must be divinities or semi-divine beings, probably Castor and Pollux themselves.
Three massive columns remain from the Temple of Castor and Pollux. They are over forty-eight feet high The temple had been, rebuilt between 7 B.C. and 6 A.D. The statues of Castor and Pollux can be seen at the top of the stairs of the Capitoline Hill.
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