Sources for Spartacus

Books: (see also General Reference Works)

Gruen, Erich. The Last Generation of the Roman Republic. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Kebric, Robert B. Roman People. Mountain View: Mayfield, 1993.

External Links:

Timelines and Early History:


Image List: The following images from the pages on this topic are available through the VRoma Image Archive; further information can be found by consulting the various slide indices. Images in the VRoma Archive may be used for non-commercial purposes, either by downloading the images or by linking to them; it is not necessary to write for permission, but we do ask that you credit the VRoma Project.

bust of Marius (?) map of Italy bust of Sulla (?)
Marius map of Spartacus Sulla
Munich, Glyptoteck,
c. 50-40 BCE
showing general movements
of Spartacus
Munich, Glyptoteck,
c. 50-40 BCE

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revised October, 2002
Barbara F. McManus