Images of Roman Art and Architecture Courtesy of AICT

1 She-Wolf of the Capitoline
ca. 500 B.C. (Romulus and Remus suckling are Renaissance additions) bronze Etruscan Museo Capitolino, Rome h. 34?
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2 Cinerary effigy-urn
mid- to late 6th century B.C. Etruscan (Chiusi) Museo Nazionale Archeologico, Palermo, Sicily
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3 Temple of Portunus (Fortuna Virilis)
Rome: exterior view from NE. [in L. background Temple of Vesta]; ca. late 2nd to mid-1st cent. B.C. Roman (Republic) Rome, Italy
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4 Temple of Portunus (Fortuna Virilis)
Rome: exterior view from NE; detail of entablature with Ionic capitals; ca. late 2nd to mid-1st cent. B.C. Roman (Republic) Rome, Italy
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5 Temple of Portunus (Fortuna Virilis)
Rome: exterior view from NE.; detail of podium and entrance stairs; ca. late 2nd to mid-1st cent. B.C. Roman (Republic) Rome, Italy
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6 Temple of Portunus (Fortuna Virilis)
Rome: exterior detail of engaged columns on E. side; ca. late 2nd to mid-1st cent. B.C. Roman (Republic) Rome, Italy
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7 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail of long R. wall and rear angle
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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8 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail
Italia (?Tellus?) relief from top register of rear wall
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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9 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail
R. front relief: [T] Aeneas sacrificing to the Penates; [B] calyx scroll
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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10 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail
calyx scroll panel
relief from R. front
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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11 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail
sacrificial procession from long R. wall
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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12 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail
sacrificial procession from long R. wall
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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13 Ara Pacis Augustae: detail
sacrificial procession from long L. wall
13-9 B.C. marble Rome, Italy
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14 Villa of Livia
Primaporte: courtyard with environmental garden murals
ca. 30-20 B.C. Roman (Augustan period) Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
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15 Maison Carree
Nimes: exterior view from NE.
ca. 20 B.C. Roman (Gaul) Nimes, France
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16 Maison Carree
Nimes: exterior detail of N. [main portico] colonnade and pediment
ca. 20 B.C. Roman (Gaul) Nimes, France
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17 Maison Carree
Nimes: exterior detail of engaged columns on W. side
ca. 20 B.C. Roman (Gaul) Nimes, France
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18 Pont-du-Gard aqueduct
ca. 19 B.C. - 14 A.D. Roman (Gaul) Provence, France total original length of topmost level 275m.
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19 Pont-du-Gard aqueduct
ca. 19 B.C. - 14 A.D. Roman (Gaul) Provence, France total height of structure 49m.
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20 Pont-du-Gard aqueduct: detail of arcade unit
ca. 19 B.C. - 14 A.D. Roman (Gaul) Provence, France height: lower arcade level 22m.; middle level 19m.; top level 8m.
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21 Pont-du-Gard aqueduct: detail of topmost course showing (originally) covered and lead-lined water channel
ca. 19 B.C. - 14 A.D. Roman (Gaul) Provence, France
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22 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater): exterior
view from N.
70-82 A.D. Roman (Flavian period) Rome, Italy h. 50m.
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23 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater): exterior
detail of superposed Corinthian, Ionic and Doric architectural orders
70-82 A.D. Roman (Flavian period) Rome, Italy
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24 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater): exterior
detail of arcaded construction of entrance at street level
70-82 A.D. Roman (Flavian period) Rome, Italy
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25 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater): arena interior
view through entrance passage
70-82 A.D. Roman (Flavian period) Rome, Italy
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26 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater): arena interior
view towards E. showing substructure
70-82 A.D. Roman (Flavian period) Rome, Italy
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27 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater): detail of arena interior showing substructure
70-82 A.D. Roman (Flavian period) Rome, Italy
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28 Relief (from Ephesus) showing combat between two gladiators
marble Roman (Asia Minor) Pergamon Museum, Berlin
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29 Gladiatorial combat scene
fragment of a relief from Appia
ca. 3rd century A.D. marble Roman Empire Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
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30 Gladiatorial combat scene
fragment of a relief from Appia
ca. 3rd century A.D. marble Roman Empire Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
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31 Lion and Gladiator
1st century A.D. Gallo-Roman Musee Denon
Chalon-sur-Saone, France
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32 Relief fragment (from an amphitheatre or gladiatorial school?) showing scenes of combat
ca. 2nd century A.D. Roman (Asia Minor) Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto
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33 Forum Romanorum: general view towards W. from Arch of Titus [inc. Temple of Castor and Pollux
Rome, Italy
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34 Forum Romanorum: general view towards E.
with Temple of Castor and Pollux [R. foreground]
rebuilt ca. early 1st century A.D. [Arch of Titus in far L. background] Rome, Italy
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35 Temple of Castor and Pollux
(Forum Romanorum): view from NW. [rebuilt ca. early 1st century A.D.] Rome, Italy
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36 Temple of Vesta (Forum Romanorum)
rebuilt under Septimus Severus
ca. 205 A.D. Rome, Italy
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37 Temple of Vesta (Forum Romanorum)
rebuilt under Septimus Severus
ca. 205 A.D. Rome, Italy
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38 House of the Vestals (Forum Romanorum): detail of entrance on N. side
[reconstructed 2nd century A.D.] Rome, Italy
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39 Basilica Julia (Forum Romanorum): detail of engaged column from arcade
[original structure from 1st century B.C. - rebuilt ca. early 1st century A.D.] Rome, Italy
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40 Basilica Nova of Maxentius & Constantine (Forum Romanorum): detail of Corinthian capital and portion of entablature from entrance to S.
early 4th century A.D. Roman
Late Empire Rome, Italy
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41 Temple of Antoninus and Faustina (Forum Romanorum): exterior
view from SW.
141 A.D. Rome, Italy
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42 Arch of Titus
Rome: view from W. [through the Forum]
81 A.D. Roman Empire Rome, Italy
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43 Arch of Titus
Rome: detail of C. arch [from W.]
showing ?Triumph of Titus? relief panel
81 A.D. Roman Empire Rome, Italy
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44 Arch of Titus
Rome: detail of inner [N.] facing of arch showing ?Triumph of Titus? relief panel
81 A.D. Roman Empire Rome, Italy
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45 ?Spoils of the Temple in Jerusalem,? relief panel from inner facing of the Arch of Titus
Rome
81 A.D. Roman Empire Rome, Italy
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46 Trajan?s Column: view from S. (through Basilica Ulpia)
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of column 29.7m.; overall length of frieze 200m.
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47 Trajan?s Column: detail
lower registers of frieze on E. side; Trajan?s campaigns against the Dacians
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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48 Trajan?s Column: detail of E. side
laurel wreath base and lower registers of frieze
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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49 Trajan?s Column: detail
middle registers of frieze on E. side; Roman campaigns against the Dacians
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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50 Trajan?s Column: detail
lower registers of frieze on W. side; legionaries on campaign against the Dacians
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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51 Trajan?s Column: detail
lower two registers of frieze on W. side
departure of legionaries from their garrison
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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52 Trajan?s Column: detail
bottom register of frieze on W. side (River god Danuvius watching legionaries crossing a pontoon bridge)
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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53 Trajan?s Column: detail of victorious legionaries from E. side
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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54 Trajan?s Column: detail of bottom register on E. side showing Roman garrison
113 A.D. marble Rome, Italy h. of frieze 0.89 to 1.25m.
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55 Pompeii: general view to N. showing paved street with pedestrian crossing blocks [in background
Mount Vesuvius] Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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56 Via Consulare
Pompeii: view towards NW, paved street with pedestrian crossing stones spaced for vehicular passage
ca. 1st century A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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57 Pompeii
construction detail: ?faux marble? column of brick covered with stucco Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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58 Pistrinum (mill) and Panificium (bakery)
Pompeii: interior view showing querns for grinding grain and hearth for baking bread Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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59 Pompeii: termopolio (taverna or inn)
interior view showing serving counter with receptacles for warm food containers Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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60 Forum Baths
Pompeii: interior of calidarium (hot bath) with marble labrum basin in apsidal end
early 1st century A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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61 House of Sallust
Pompeii: interior
detail of ?First Style? painted faux marble decorative mural panels
ca. late 2nd - early 1st century B.C. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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62 House of the Vettii
Pompeii: Lararium shrine in framing aedicule
with agathodemone serpant at altar below Genius of the Paterfamilias flanked by two lares
2nd half of the 1st century A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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63 Lararium shrine from the House of the Vettii
Pompeii: detail of Genius (spirit) of the Paterfamilias flanked by two lares
2nd half of the 1st century A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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64 Putti frieze
4th-style mural painting from the Triclinium
House of the Vettii, Pompeii
ca. 62-79 A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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65 4th-style mural painting sequence from the Oeci
House of the Vettii, Pompeii
ca. 62-79 A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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66 4th-style mural painting sequence from the Oeci
House of the Vettii, Pompeii
ca. 62-79 A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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67 4th-style mural painting sequence from the Oeci
House of the Vettii, Pompeii
ca. 62-79 A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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68 Great Theatre
Pompeii: interior view showing auditorium seating
orchestra stage with skena
orig. ca. 2nd century B.C. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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69 Odeon (Small Theatre)
Pompeii: interior view showing auditorium seating
orchestra stage with skena
orig. ca. 75 B.C. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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70 Odeon (Small Theatre)
Pompeii: interior detail; Telamon (Atlantid) figure supporting balustrade by E. parodos
orig. ca. 75 B.C. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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71 Amphitheater (Arena)
Pompeii: exterior view from W. showing stairways to upper level seating
original ca. 80 B.C. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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72 Amphitheatre (Arena)
Pompeii: interior view from SW.
orig. ca. 80 B.C. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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73 Pompeii
plaster body cast of victim killed by toxic fumes during eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Roman (Campania) Pompeii, Italy
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74 Sulla, portrait bust (later copy with alterations
after original of the 2nd century B.C.) marble Roman (Republican period) Glyptothek, Munich
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75 Marius, portrait bust (later copy with alterations
after original of the 2nd century B.C.) marble Roman (Republican period) Glyptothek, Munich
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76 Octavian (portrait bust from the Forum Arles)
ca. 39 B.C. marble Roman
Early Empire Musee Lapidaire Paien, Arles
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77 Portrait bust of a Lady
late 1st century B.C. - early 1st century A.D. marble Roman Empire (Augustan period) Glyptothek, Munich
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78 Portrait bust of a Flavian Lady [L. profile view]
ca. 90 A.D. marble Roman Empire (Flavian period) Museo Capitolini, Rome
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79 Portrait bust of a Flavian Lady [rear view
detail of coiffure]
ca. 90 A.D. marble Roman Empire (Flavian period) Museo Capitolini, Rome
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80 Emperor Titus
ca. 79-81 A.D. marble Roman Empire (Flavian period) Olympia Museum, Greece
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81 Roman Lady (probably Domitia
wife of the Emperor Domitian)
ca. 81-96 A.D. marble Roman Empire (Flavian period) Olympia Museum, Greece
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82 Citizen in a Toga (Herodes Atticus?)
from the Nymphaeum, Olympia
ca. 101-178 A.D. marble Roman Empire Olympia Museum, Greece
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83 Emperor Hadrian
ca. 117-138 A.D. marble Roman Empire Olympia Museum, Greece
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84 Emperor Hadrian: detail of corselet showing Victory Crowned
with Romulus and Remus and symbols of the Roman state
ca. 117-138 A.D. marble Roman Empire Olympia Museum, Greece
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85 The Goddess Isis
early 2nd century A.D. marble Roman Empire Museo Capitolini, Rome
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86 Bust of Antinous (orig. from a statue)
ca. 130-135 A.D. marble Roman Glyptothek, Munich
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87 Portrait bust of Emperor Antoninus Pius
ca. 150 A.D. marble Roman Empire Glyptothek, Munich
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88 Lucius Verus
adopted brother and co-regent with Marcus Aurelius in military garb
ca. 161-169 A.D. marble Roman Empire Glyptothek, Munich
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89 Portrait head of an Official (the Co-Emperor Lucius Verus?)
ca. 170-180 A.D. marble Roman Empire (Antonine period) Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland
Ohio h. 15?
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90 Portrait bust of the Emperor Commodus
ca. 180-192 A.D. marble Roman Empire Glyptothek, Munich
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91 Portrait bust of the Emperor Septimus Severus
ca. 193-212 A.D. marble Roman Empire Glyptothek, Munich
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92 Portrait bust of a Lady of the Severan Period
ca. 193-235 A.D. marble Roman Empire Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
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93 Emperor Caracalla
portrait bust in military garb
ca. 215 A.D. marble Roman Empire Pergamon Museum, Berlin h. 58cm.
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94 The Tetrarchs
ca. 305 A.D. porphyry Roman (Late Empire) Piazza San Marco, Venice h. 51?
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95 The Tetrarchs: detail of the Augusti (Diocletian and Maximian)
ca. 305 A.D. porphyry Roman (Late Empire) Piazza San Marco, Venice
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96 The Tetrarchs: detail of the Augusti (Diocletian and Maximian)
ca. 305 A.D. porphyry Roman (Late Empire) Piazza San Marco, Venice
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97 Constantine
head and fragments from a colossal statue (on display in the courtyard of the Palazzo dei Conservatori
Rome)
ca. 313-315 (or 330?) A.D. marble Roman (Late Empire) Palazzo dei Conservatori, Rome
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98 Constantine
head from a colossal statue (on display in the courtyard of the Palazzo dei Conservatori Rome)
ca. 313-315 (or 330?) A.D. marble Roman (Late Empire) Palazzo dei Conservatori, Rome
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99 Constantine
hand from a colossal statue (on display in the courtyard of the Palazzo dei Conservatori Rome)
ca. 313-315 (or 330?) A.D. marble Roman (Late Empire) Palazzo dei Conservatori, Rome
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100 Emperor Julian ?the Apostate? in garb of a Priest or Philosopher
ca. 361-363 A.D. marble Roman (Late Empire) Louvre, Paris
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101 Sarcophagus of Volusia
Daughter of Dionysiodorus Longinus
early 3rd century A.D. marble Roman Empire Museo Nazionale Archeologico, Palermo
Sicily
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102 Mithraic cult scene (tauroctonos): Mithras slaying the Sacred Bull
3rd century A.D. marble (originally painted) Roman (Late Empire) Museo Nazionale Archaeologico, Palermo
Sicily
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103 Sarcophagus relief: Dionysus attended by the Four Seasons, Tellus (Earth), and Oceanus (River)
ca. 220-230 A.D. marble Roman Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
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104 Sarcophagus with reliefs of the Calydonian Boar Hunt
ca. 2nd century A.D.(?) marble Roman Eleusis Museum
Attica, Greece
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105 Sarcophagus relief: the Calydonian Boar Hunt
ca. 2nd century A.D.(?) marble Roman Eleusis Museum
Attica, Greece
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106 Comic mask
fragment from a mosaic Roman Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis
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107 Villa at Casale (Piazza Armerina): floor mosaic with erotic scene from a private chamber
ca. 2nd half of 4th century A.D. marble tesserae Roman (Sicily) Piazza Armerina
Sicily, Italy
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108 Still life mosaic of food for a banquet; from a villa at Tor Marancia
near the Catacombs of Domitilla
2nd century A.D. Roman Gallery of the Candelabra, Vatican
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109 Marble relief: theatre set design with three entrance portals
part of a votive work dedicated to Dionysus marble Roman Empire Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
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